Edward Snowden for the Nobel Peace Prize

Today we nominate Mr Edward Snowden to the Nobel Peace Prize. Please read more here edwardsnowdennomination2017-01-30 or below.

To the Members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee:

We write to nominate Edward Joseph Snowden for the Nobel Peace Prize.

Alfred Nobel intended that the Peace Prize would promote disarmament. Today, militaries around the world place ever greater emphasis on engagement in cyberspace, with its almost unlimited possibilities for spying, disruption, and destruction.  No one has sounded the alarm more eloquently than Edward Snowden as regards military encroachment upon the world’s systems of electronic communication, and how such encroachment violates rights of privacy and threatens the continued existence of democracy.

Edward Snowden became one of history’s great whistleblowers when he revealed to leading journalists that the United States conducts all-encompassing mass surveillance around the world. In a conscientious and responsible manner, he exposed a system in which the phone, internet and other communications of individuals and whole nations are intercepted and permanently stored. Snowden insisted that it must be up to an informed global citizenry to decide whether they wish to live in a world in which they are constantly monitored by the United States military. With courage and careful judgment, he initiated a global debate about surveillance systems that operate beyond democratic control and the rule of law. Many states are now trying to build up similar capacities as the US. Snowden´s work has permitted an open and democratic debate, globally, about the risks of cyberwarfare and global surveillance.

Snowden’s contribution is of particular importance today, when the American military’s capacities for interception and disruption in cyberspace are under the authority of a new commander-in-chief.  President Donald J. Trump has expressed little intention to respect legal or ethical limits on the use of his power.  It is therefore a particularly suitable moment to award the Nobel Prize for Peace to Edward Snowden.

Yours truly,

Jens Holm, Member of Parliament, Sweden

Annika Lillemets, Member of Parliament, Sweden

Wiwi-Anne Johansson, Member of Parliament, Sweden

Carl Schlyter, Member of Parliament, Sweden

Lotta Johnsson Fornarve, Member of Parliament, Sweden

Amineh Kakabaveh, Member of Parliament, Sweden

Valter Mutt, Member of Parliament, Sweden

Daniel Sestrajcic, Member of Parliament, Sweden

Annika Hirvonen Falk, Member of Parliament, Sweden

Hans Linde, Member of Parliament, Sweden

Pardon Snowden

The Parliamentary Human Rights Group of the Swedish Parliament ask Mr Barack Obama to pardon Mr Edward Snowden. It has now been sent to the White House with endorsement from a lot of MPs (me included of course). Please see our petition here: snowden_pardon or below.

About my conversation with Mr Snowden 2015 (text in Swedish).

The Parliamentary Human Rights Group
President of the United States of America
Barack Obama
1600 Pennsylvania Ave NW,
Washington, DC 20500, USA
Stockholm, 12 December 2016

Mr President,
We, the undersigned members of the Swedish Parliament, would like to express our grave
concern regarding whistleblower Edward Snowden . He remains in Russia, unable to travel
or return to the United States. Were he to return home, he risks being tried for treason all for performing what your former Attorney General Eric Holder has called “a public service” and what we consider to be a global public service in defense of human rights.
When Mr Snowden revealed the extent of NSA global mass surveillance in 2013, he initiated a global debate about and a global movement to protect human rights in cyber space.

Even you, Mr President, have said that the global debate he sparked “will make us stronger.” We believe that he did so because he felt a moral obligation to reveal the illegal, systematic surveillance that many states have engaged in over the recent decade. We believe that Mr Snowden should be rewarded, not punished, for the sacrifice he made.
We therefore call on you, Mr President, to pardon Mr Snowden with the powers granted to
you by Article II, Section 2 of the United States Constitution.

Pending his pardon, we also urge US authorities to take the necessary measures to ensure that Mr Snowden’s passport is made valid again, so that he may travel and seek asylum in whatever country he wishes. Finally, we urge US authorities to strengthen the legal protections of whistleblowers, so that individuals who reveal government wrongdoing in the future are not penalized like Mr Snowden has been.

Yours sincerely,

We support Standing Rock Sioux Tribe

Please find our letter of concern here or below:  standingrock_letterofconcern2016-10-13

Stockholm, 13 October 2016

Greetings to you,
Honorable President of the United States, Barack Obama
Honorable Governor Jack Dalrymple of North Dakota
Army Corps of Engineers, North Dakota
Morton County Sheriff, Kyle Kirchmeier

It is with great concern that we write to you at this time.

We have been observing the events unfolding regarding the Standing Rock Sioux tribes opposition to the Dakota Access pipeline being built very close to their reservation and their drinking water source. We acknowledge the tribal governments concern for a possible oil spill that would threaten theirs and many other peoples water supply.
Furthermore we question the state authorities excessive show of force against the people who exercise their right to voice their opinion and engage in peaceful direct action to pause the construction of the pipeline, until a meaningful consultation with the affected parties can take place and a full environmental impact study has been carried out.
We strongly oppose the treatment of unarmed civilians and media persons, by police agencies and state authorities, that have been demonstrated these past weeks, since the protest against the Dakota Access pipeline started.

We have watched how the pipeline company have dug up a portion of land, that contained graves and important cultural sites, that the Standing Rock Sioux tribe the day before submitted a survey report of, to the court system, to have protected. Dakota Access pipeline personnel moved their machinery on Labour Day weekend, to this very site and had hired a private security firm that showed up with guard dogs that these guards launched into the crowd of Indigenous peoples, who rightfully was upset to see their relatives dug up from their final resting place, and to see their cultural sites destroyed. Many people were bitten by these dogs and sprayed with some type of chemicals by these guards.

In the last week of September, we witnessed how heavily armed police forces, showed up in armored trucks, in riot gear, and pointed loaded rifles at people who had gathered to pray at a location where the pipeline was being constructed. We were appalled to see this take Place!

We call upon the North Dakota authorities and the Morton County Sheriffs Office, to refrain from using this disproportionally large show of force against unarmed peaceful people who  exercise their right to voice their opinions and engage in peaceful actions to protect their water. The use of excessive show of force, may have undesired effects that could escalate violence, instead of preventing violence.

We really commend the Indigenous peoples leadership at the Standing Rock Sioux tribe and the thousands of people that have gathered in the Sacred Stone Camp, Oceti Sakowin Camp, Red Warrior Camp and High Star Camp, for their extraordinary ability to keep calm and act peacefully in the struggle to protect the water, their traditional land and culture.
A real democracys principal rules rests upon social equality, majority rule, minority rights, freedom and integrity.

A real democracy naturally defends minority rights, whether it be freedom of religion, right to assemble, freedom of expression and fair legal process.
The fifth principal of democracy; integrity, is about honesty and compassion, and the absence of corruption.

On September 13 in year 2007, the UN General Assembly adopted the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
We call upon the state and federal agencies to uphold and respect the articles of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Geneva Convention, The UN Declaration for Human Rights. Consider the adopted Paris agreement from 2015 to combat Climate Change.

We strongly oppose the excessive use of force by law enforcement agencies against unarmed civilians who only use their right to peaceful protest against a corporate Project that has a real potential to destroy their drinking water source, aswell as the water for millions of american citizens downstream  who also rely on the Missouri river.
We, the undersigned agree with the joint statement issued by the Department of Justice, the Department of the Interior and the Department of the Army, that states that these government departments will not allow the Dakota Access pipeline to cross underneath Lake Oahe and calls for a serious discussion  to see if there is a need to review nationwide reforms in regard to respect tribes views on these types of infrastructure projects, considering protection of tribal lands, resources and treaty rights, both within existing frameworks and possible new legislation.

Water is the fundamental source of Life. We all depend on clean water in our daily lives.
Water is a unifying force because we all understand that we depend on it in so many ways. We all need to take measures to protect our water from pollution and make sure that we don’t destroy the natural prerequisite for life for our Children, our grandchildren and coming generations.

Please consider the need to protect the water, tribal lands and resources, the environment and culturally important sites of the Indigenous Peoples.
Never before have so many Indigenous nations gathered in a unified effort to protect their water and their rights as Indigenous Peoples. This is indeed a historic event that we are experiencing right now. They have legitimate concerns, and we ask that their voices be heard and their inherent rights be respected and acted upon accordingly.
We will continue to monitor the situation and hope for a peaceful and just outcome.
Thank you for your time and consideration of our concerns.

Respectfully submitted by,

Jens Holm, Member of Parliament, Sweden
Annika Lillemets, Member of Parliament, Sweden
Amineh Kakabaveh, Member of Parliament, Sweden
Valter Mutt, Member of Parliament, Sweden
Emma Wallrup, Member of Parliament, Sweden
Carl Schlyter, Member of Parliament, Sweden

Climate change – risk and opportunity indicator

Welcome to our seminar about climate change and growing risks next Friday.

When: 09.00-15.45, 27th of September 2013
Where: The former second chamber of the Swedish Parliament, Riksdagen

Climate change is a global risk issue. In addition, we have now a situation where the
emissions are so big that the probability for extreme warming, 6°C or more, has reached such
high levels that we no longer can ignore this risk. Despite the seriousness of the issue, we have witnessed how it in media as well as among politicians and in business has been argued that the uncertainty, when it comes to exactly how
serious the risks of climate change are, has motivated that we shall wait for less uncertain data
from the scientists before we act. From a risk perspective this is an incorrect reasoning since
increased uncertainty regarding big threats leads to more forceful action – not less.
We want this meeting to be relatively small to enable a dynamic dialogue, and are happy to
see people with different competences and background participating. We therefore appreciate
if you when registering can note what particular interest you have regarding global risks.

To register (which is mandatory in order to be able to enter in the parliament), please
send an email to, latest 24/9: anmalan.riksdagen@mp.se 

For questions about the project, the launch or the next steps, please contact:
Dennis Pamlin, Project Manager, Global Challenges Foundation dennis@globalchallenges.org

For questions about GLOBE, please contact: jens.holm@riksdagen.se

Global Risk and Opportunity Indicator
arrangeras i samarbete med GLOBE Sverige och MP

9.00 Welcome to the Swedish Parliament and the old second chamber of parliament.
Jens Holm, Vice-President of GLOBE Sweden, Member of Parliament & Åsa Romson, Member of parliament, Member of GLOBE Sweden
9.05 Welcome to the Global Risk Panel, launch of the Global Risk & Opportunity indicator and Introduction to Global Challenges Foundation
Margot Wallström, spokes person, Global Challenges Foundation
9.20 Welcome and comment
Christiana Figueres, Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC (v)
9.30 Introduction to the Global Risk and Opportunity Indicator
Dennis Pamlin, Project Manager, Global Challenges Foundation
9.45 How the complexity of nature affects risks, climate change and beyond
Johan Rockström, Executive Director of Stockholm Resilience Centre

10.00 The current IPCC work, what’s included and what is not in the sensitivity numbers
Bill Hare, Founder and CEO of Climate Analytics
10.15 Assessing global threats and communicating to guide policy development.
Kennette Benedict, Executive director and publisher, The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
10.30 Global high impact risks and the BASIC expert group PAN Jiahua, Professor of Economics and Director, Institute for Urban & Environmental Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (v)

10.35 Discussion + Q&A All

10.55 Break All

11.20 Global high impact risks and the financial sector
Paul Dickinson, Executive Chairman, CDP
11.35 Global high impact risks and reinsurance
David Bresch Director Sustainability & Political Risk Management Swiss Re (v)
11.50 Global high impact risks investment and banking
Nick Robins, Head of climate change centre of excellence at HSBC
12.05 Global high impact risks, the actuarial profession and policy implications
Nick Silver, founder and director of the Climate Bonds Initiative (CBI)

12.20 Discussion + Q&A All

12.40 Lunch and informal discussions All

13.40 Global high impact climate risk and security policy
Tilman Brück, Director of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
13.55 Global Governance and global risk: the need for new thinking
David Held, Professor of Politics and International Relations at Durham University (v)

14.10 Discussion + Q&A All

14.30 Summary and thanks to those in the panel and in the audience that have to leave
Margot Wallström & Dennis Pamlin

14.45 Break All

15.00 What is next for global climate risks? Climate expert
15.20 The Stockholm Global Risk Declaration and next steps
Margot Wallström & Dennis Pamlin + All
15.45 End
Overview of speakers (alphabetical order)
Kennette Benedict, is the Executive Director and Publisher of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. She came to the Bulletin from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, where she directed the international peace and security program from 1992 to 2005. She also established and directed the foundation’s initiative in the former Soviet Union from 1992 to 2002. Before joining the foundation in 1987, she taught at Rutgers University (1980-1981) and at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign (1981-1985). Benedict received her A.B. from Oberlin College and a PhD in political science from Stanford University. Her media appearances include interviews on ABC’s 20/20, CNN, CNN International, BBC, CBC, NPR, CTV, Voice of America, Fox News Channel, Agence Presse-France, and Al Jazeera. She has been quoted in USA Today, the Chicago Tribune, Village Voice, Los Angeles Times, and Congressional Quarterly, among others. She appears regularly on radio news and talk shows in the United States, Britain, and Australia.

David Bresch, heads the Sustainability & Political Risk Management unit at Swiss Re. A central role of the team is to guide Swiss Re’s commitment to provide ethical, environmentally and socially responsible financial services. For Swiss Re as a global risk taker, climate issues feature prominently on the agenda1. David Bresch has been a member of the official Swiss delegation to the UNFCCC COP15 (2009) in Copenhagen, COP16 (2010) in Cancun, COP17 (2011) in Durban and COP18 in Doha 2012. His previous roles at Swiss Re since 2000 include Head of University and Risk Research Relations and Head Atmospheric Perils Group. He served as Swiss Re’s chief architect for natural catastrophe risk assessment models and has been member of the deal teams for many innovative risk transfer transactions, like cat bonds and weather index solutions.

Tilman Brück, became the eighth Director of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) in January 2013. Tilman Brück is a development economist who trained at Glasgow University and Oxford University. His research interests include the inter-relationship between peace, security and development (especially at the micro-level), the economics of post-war reconstruction, and the economics of terrorism and security policy, with country experiences in Angola, Colombia, Kyrgyzstan, Nicaragua, Mongolia, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, and Ukraine. Tilman Brück also collects and analyses household-level surveys to study poverty and employment and how they relate to conflict. He is a co-founder and co-director of the Households in Conflict Network and a founding member of the Global Young Academy. He was previously a full professor of development economics at Humboldt-University of Berlin and a head of department at the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW). Tilman Brück has also worked as an adviser and consultant for numerous governments and international organizations.

Paul Dickinson, is the Executive Chairman of CDP. He founded CDP in 2000 having previously founded and developed Rufus Leonard Corporate Communications and, more recently, EyeNetwork, the largest videoconference service in Europe. Member of the Environmental Research Group of the UK Faculty and Institute of Actuaries. Author of various publications including ‘Beautiful Corporations’.

Bill Hare, is a Climate Scientist with twenty-five years experience in the science, impacts and policy responses to climate change and stratospheric ozone depletion. He is a founder and CEO of Climate Analytics, a non profit company based in Berlin, which was established in 2008 to synthesize and advance scientific knowledge in the area of climate change and provide state-of-the-art solutions to global and national climate change policy challenges. He is a visiting scientist in the Earth System Analysis – Research Domain I at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impacts Research since 2002. Areas of scientific and policy expertise include the science and impacts of climate change, international climate policy, including the architecture of the international climate regime; climate system response to greenhouse gas forcing and the assessment of emission pathways. Since 2008 the main focus of his scientific work has been on developing the PRIMAP (Potsdam Real-time Integrated Model for Assessment of emission Paths) model. At present he is directing the SURVIVE Project which is providing scientific, policy, analytical and strategic support, capacity building and advice for delegations from the small island states (SIDS) and the least developed countries (LDCs) in the international climate negotiations. He was a Lead Author for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007.

David Held, is Master of University College, Durham and Professor of Politics and International Relations at Durham University. Among his most recent publications are Gridlock:Why Global Cooperation is Failing when We Need It Most (2013), Cosmopolitanism: Ideals and Realities (2010), Globalisation/Anti-Globalisation (2007), Models of Democracy (2006), Global Covenant (2004), Global Transformations: Politics, Economics and Culture (1999), and Democracy and the Global Order: From the Modern State to Cosmopolitan Governance (1995). His main research interests include the study of globalisation, changing forms of democracy and the prospects of regional and global governance. He is a Director of Polity Press, which he co-founded in 1984, and General Editor of Global Policy .

Dennis Pamlin, Project Manager, Global Challenges Foundation, is an entrepreneur and founder of 21st Century Frontiers. He works with companies, governments and NGOs as a strategic economic, technology and innovation advisor. His background is in engineering, industrial economy and marketing. Mr Pamlin worked as Global Policy Advisor for WWF from 1999 to 2009. During his tenure, Pamlin initiated WWFs Trade and Investment Programme work in the BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) and led the work with companies (especially high-tech companies such as ICT) as solution providers. Pamlin is currently an independent consultant as well as Director for the Low Carbon Leaders Project under the UN Global Compact and is a Senior Associate at Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Current work includes work to establish a web platform to promote transformative solutions, creating the first portal that will allow public procurement to identify transformative solutions. Pamlin is also exploring how new ideas can be financed through web-tools/apps and the cultural tensions between the “west” and the re-emerging economies (with focus on China and India).

PAN Jiahua, is currently director-general, Institute for Urban & Environmental Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), and professor of economics at CASS Graduate School. Received his PhD at Cambridge University in 1992. Areas of interest include economics of sustainable development, energy and climate policy, world economy and environmental and natural resource economics. Worked for the UNDP Beijing Office as an advisor on environment and development; Lead author of the IPCC Working Group III 3rd and 4th Assessment Report on Mitigation; Member of China National Expert Panel on Climate Change; Member of National Foreign Policy Advisory Group; Advisor to the Ministry of Environment Protection. Vice president of the Chinese Society of Ecological Economists, vice president of Chinese Energy Association. Co-editor of Climate Change 2007: mitigation published by Cambridge University Press and author of over 300 papers, articles and books in both English and Chinese.

Nick Robins, is Head of the Climate Change Centre of Excellence at HSBC in London. Launched in October 2007, the Centre’s mission is to analyse the commercial consequences of climate change for the HSBC Group and its clients. Since joining Nick has co-authored research on strategic climate investment themes (Gathering Momentum, Sept 2008), climate risk (Oil & Carbon, Sept 2008), climate change and fiscal stimulus (Green Rebound, Jan 2009 & A Climate of Recovery, Feb 2009), as well as emerging market potential (A spectrum of choices, Nov 2008). Since January 2009 Nick co-chairs the Climate Change Working Group of the United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI). He is a member of the UK Government’s Sustainable Development Panel, BT’s CSR Leadership Panel and GE’s Stakeholder Review Panel. He is a fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and an Associate Member of the Securities and Investment Institute. He has a BA (First Class) in History from Cambridge University and a MSc (with Distinction) in International Relations from the London School of Economics.

Johan Rockström, is the Executive Director of Stockholm Resilience Centre, and a Professor in Environmental Science at Stockholm University, with emphasis on water resources and global sustainability. He was director of the Stockholm Environment Institute in 2004–2012. Johan is an internationally recognized scientist with more than 15 years’ experience of research on agriculture, water resources and ecosystem services, and over 100 research publications in fields such as global environmental change, resilience, agriculture, global water resources, and food production. He has served as advisor to several international organizations, governments, and the European Union, and is a frequent key-note speaker at both the international research arena and among policy makers. Johan was in 2013 for the second consecutive year appointed most influential person in Sweden within the environmental field. His most recent books are The Human Quest (with Mattias Klum) and Bankrupting Nature (with Anders Wijkman).

Nick Silver, founder and director of the Climate Bonds Initiative (CBI), which is working with governments and MLIs to develop policies that will facilitate institutional investment at scale in the low carbon economy. Nick is co-ordinating the Local Authority Energy Efficiency Partnership (LEEP) which is working with municipalities to bring in large scale investment into domestic energy efficiency. Until recently Nick was Chairman of the Resource and Environment Group of the UK actuarial profession. Nick is a visiting fellow at the Grantham Institute and senior honorary visiting fellow at Cass Business School. Nick has advised the UK’s Environment Department (DEFRA) and Development Department (DFID) and the German Development Department (GTZ) on climate finance in developing countries, presented at the launch of the Climate Investment Funds at the World Bank and at a number of UNFCCC conferences and G8 Gleneagles dialogue conferences. Nick is part of the UK Government’s Capital Markets Climate Initiative which aims to drive large scale investment into climate change mitigation and adaptation.

Margot Wallström, is a former Member of Parliament, Cabinet Minister of Sweden and diplomat, who until recently held the post of United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) on Sexual Violence in Conflict. Prior to this, she served for ten years as European Commissioner: 1999–2004 as Environment Commissioner, and 2004–2010 as Vice President and Commissioner for Institutional Relations and Communication Strategy in the Barroso Commission. She is currently the chairman of Lund University in Sweden.

Swedish involvement in Indian hydro CDM questioned

Please find below my article from the latest CDM-watch newsletter.

Swedish involvement in Indian hydro CDM questioned.
CDM-watch February 2012
Guest Article by Jens Holm
, Member of Parliament (Left Party), Sweden

Large-scale World Bank hydro power project, non-additional, far-reaching effects on the local environment, local opposition and no compensation for the affected local community. That is in sum the hydro electric power CDM-project Rampur, Himachal Pradesh, Northern India.

The Rampur hydroelectric power project is a part of several mega projects in Himachal Pradesh, in northern India. It was registered as a CDM project in July last year and is a part of the World Bank fund, Umbrella Carbon Facility Tranche 2. Over the next 10 years, Rampur is expected to generate about 14 million carbon credits, to an estimated market value of 100 million USD. However, it is questionable whether it is additional. In 2004 the regional company SJVNL and the World Bank signed a deal on Rampur. But it was not until 2009 that they filed the application to become a CDM project. Many of the additionality concerns of the project cannot even be further investigated because one of the key documents, the investment analysis, is not publicly available. This in itself is an infringement of CDM rules.

Rampur is a “run of river” project, not a classical dam hydro project. Instead of damming up the river Sutlej a huge tunnel is now under construction. The tunnel will redirect the normal flow of the river and only a tiny part of the water will be kept in the normal river basin. Approximately 15km of the river basin will basically be dry due to the tunnel project.

The local community in the vicinity of the project and the organisation South Asia Network on Dams, River and People (SANDRP) has opposed the project. But the response from the regional government and the World Bank has been poor. When I visited India in February 2012 locals informed me about problems with dust, muck, drying up of ground water, negative effects on local agriculture and the occurrence of landslides due to the project. Many families need to be moved from the area. At the moment no compensation or other arrangements have been made for them.

In February the Swedish embassy was invited to a round table in New Delhi to discuss Rampur and other environmental issues with myself and eight other members of the Swedish parliament. The iWorld Bank officials who were invited unfortunately never turned up to the meeting. Himanshu Thakkar of SANDRP, however, attended the meeting and said: “This mega project has very little to do with climate but will have a detrimental effect on the local environment and people living in the area.. CDM was only a means to generate additional profit for the constructors long after the investment decision had been taken. This is not the type of project Sweden should support.”

This hydro project has gained attention in Sweden. The Swedish criteria for CDM projects states that Sweden only supports hydro projects of a small or medium scale. At 412 MW, this project is clearly large scale, both by Swedish and Indian standards. On 8 February this year Minister for the Environment Lena Ek told me that the criteria applies only to bilateral CDM projects, not projects that are part of multilateral funds (such as this one). The statement raises questions: should the environmental standards less stringent in World Bank funds? Why?

Reduction of meat consumption bill

Please find our parliamentary bill below. Submitted by the Left Party.

Swedish Parliament
Reduction of Meat Consumption Bill

Jens Holm et al.                2010/11: V205


1.   Recommendations
2.   Background
3.   Goal: reduced consumption of animal food products
4.   Action plan for reduced consumption
5.   Phase-out of subsidies to the meat industry

6.   Incentives for reduced meat consumption
7.   Vegetarian Mondays

8.   Green public procurement  



1.    Recommendations

(1)     The Riksdag [Swedish Parliament] hereby notifies the Government that it is in full agreement with the provision of this Parliamentary Bill that a new national goal should be adopted for the reduction of total meat consumption, namely a reduction of 25 per cent from the current total by year 2020.

(2)     The Riksdag hereby notifies the Government that it is in full agreement with the provision of this Bill that an action plan should be developed for the purpose of reducing the climate impact of the entire chain of food production, including animal food products.

 (3)    The Riksdag hereby notifies the Government that it is in full agreement with the provision of this Bill that Sweden should strive for the establishment of a final date for the complete phase-out of subsidies to the meat and dairy industries, which are counterproductive.

 (4)    The Riksdag hereby notifies the Government that it is in full agreement with the provision of this Bill that Sweden should strive to bring about an end to the dumping of surplus food products by the European Union in developing countries.

 (5)    The Riksdag hereby notifies the Government that it is in full agreement with the provision of this Bill that a public inquiry should be established to consider the feasibility of economic incentives for reducing the climate and other environmental impacts of the entire chain of food production, including animal products.

 (6)    The Riksdag hereby notifies the Government that it is in full agreement with the provision of this Bill that the Government should support efforts by Sweden’s municipalities to encourage vegetarian food habits, for example by designating one day of the week as a vegetarian day.


2.    Background

         Since the 1950s, worldwide consumption of meat products has increased by over 500 per cent. If nothing is done, meat consumption in 2050 will be twice that of the world total in 1999. According to the FAO report, Livestock’s Long Shadow, the animal food products industry accounts for 18 per cent of total worldwide emissions of greenhouse gases. The Swedish animal food products industry emits roughly 10 million tonnes of greenhouse gases annually, nearly as much as the total from all private cars in Sweden (source: Greenhouse gas emissions from Swedish consumption of meat, milk and eggs 1990 and 2005. SIK Rapport 794/2009, p. 26). According to the same report, emissions from the Swedish animal food products sector increased by 22 per cent between 1990 and 2005. The scientists who authored the report conclude that, if we want a sustainable development of the Earth’s climate, we must eat less meat.

               According to the above-noted FAO report, the livestock sector is one of the biggest causes of declines in biological diversity, as it uses 30 per cent of the Earth’s total land surface and 70 per cent of all agriculture land. The livestock sector is also one of the main reasons for the destruction of tropical forest. Fully 70 per cent of Latin America’s former forest area has been converted to grazing land. Tropical forest is also being destroyed for the cultivation of animal fodder products, not least including soybeans, which are then exported for such purposes as meat production in the European Union.

               At the same time that much of the world is suffering from lack of water, the food production sector is overexploiting water resources. According to FAO, the livestock sector uses over eight per cent of the world’s freshwater resources and accounts for a large portion of their increasing exploitation. Much more water is used for meat production than for the production of vegetable food products. Between 400 and 3000 litres of freshwater are required to produce one kilogram of vegetable products, while the corresponding requirement for a kilogram of poultry meat is 6000 litres and for beef it is 15,000 litres (source: Stockholm International Water Institute, More Nutrition Per Drop, 2004). Thus, it is clear that we should eat more vegetables and less meat in order to conserve water resources.

               By international standards, Sweden is per capita a large consumer of animal food products. Our impact on the climate far exceeds a sustainable level. All sectors of the society must therefore assume responsibility for the global climate. We are certain that the Swedish people are prepared to reduce the climate impact that is related to their food consumption, if they are provided with suitable means to act rationally on behalf of a sustainable climate. According to a 2009 report of the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, the title of which translates as A Genus Perspective on the General Public’s Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Climate Change, over half of Swedish citizens are prepared to reduce their meat consumption on behalf of the climate. Among women the figure is 69 per cent, and a significant proportion of them have already reduced their meat consumption. The Riksdag and the Government have a decisive role to play in making it easier for Swedes to continue reducing their climate impact by means of ”climate-smart” eating.


3.    Goal: reduced consumption of animal food products

         Meat consumption in Sweden increased by more than 50 per cent from 1990 to 2005. This sharp increase in consumption resulted in greenhouse gas emissions totalling more than 2.3 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents; but that increase is not reflected in Swedish emission statistics, because it is due to imports of meat products. Emissions per capita increased by over 50 per cent during the same period. The increase in greenhouse gas emissions due to increased Swedish meat consumption in 2005 corresponded to nearly 20 per cent of the total emitted by all Swedish cars during that year (source: Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology, Greenhouse gas emissions from Swedish consumption of meat, milk and eggs, 1990 and 2005. SIK Rapport 794/2009).

               As noted by a Swedish public inquiry on climate issues (Klimatberedningen. SOU 2008:24), there are at present no incentives specifically devised to induce the agricultural sector to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. A responsible approach would be to adopt a national goal of reduced meat consumption. A goal to reduce meat consumption from the current level by 25 per cent no later than year 2020 should therefore be adopted. The Riksdag should notify the Government that it approves the adoption of that goal.


4.    Action plan for reduced meat consumption

         In order to attain the goal of 25 per cent reduced meat consumption by 2020, an action plan should be developed for the purpose of reducing the climate impact of the entire chain of food production, including animal products. The Riksdag should notify the Government that it approves the development of such a plan.


5.    Phase-out of subsidies to the meat industry

         In a 2007 report of the Left Party, the title of which translates as The Livestock Industry and Climate — The EU Makes Bad Worse, we note that the European Union supports the Swedish meat and dairy industries with ca. SEK 30 billion [ca. EUR 3 billion] annually with so-called interventions and direct subsidies. In addition, the EU provides SEK 400 million [ca. EUR 40 million] to support the marketing of various animal food products in order to increase their sales. Sweden should strive for the establishment of a final date for the complete phase-out of such counterproductive subsidies to the meat and dairy industries. The Riksdag should notify the Government that it approves the establishment of such a deadline.

               Sweden should also strive to bring about an end to the dumping of surplus food products by the European Union in developing countries. The Riksdag should notify the Government that it approves of that objective.


6.    Incentives for reduced meat consumption

         Probably the most effective method for reducing the use of something that is harmful is to put a price on it. In a coming edition of the journal Climatic Change, three scientists at Chalmers University of Technology — Fredrik Hedenus, Stefan Wirsenius and Kristina Molin — argue that a tax on animal food products can be an effective method for reducing emissions from the agricultural sector. The Left Party proposes the establishment of a public inquiry into the feasibility of economic incentives for reducing the climate and other environmental impacts of the entire chain of food production, including animal food products. The Riksdag should notify the Government that it approves such a public inquiry.


7.    Vegetarian Mondays

         Slightly over a year ago, the Belgian city of Ghent introduced ”Donderdag Veggiedag” — Vegetarian Thursday. Every Thursday in Ghent, vegetarian food is the main alternative in municipal dining facilities, with meat dishes available for those who prefer them. Also provided by the city are large numbers of free maps indicating the locations of vegetarian restaurants. Residents are taught how to prepare vegetarian dishes, and reduced meat consumption is promoted in a variety of ways. This initiative is part of a general effort by Ghent’s political leaders to take all possible measures to reduce the city’s climate impact. Reduced meat consumption is an important part of that effort.

               A growing number of cities around the world are now following Ghent’s example with similar local initiatives for reduced meat consumption. Sao Paulo, San Francisco, Cape Town, Bremen and Helsinki are among the cities whose political leaders have set aside one day of the week for a special focus on vegetarian food. In Sweden, the city of Örebro has introduced a weekly vegetarian day in some of its schools. Several other Swedish cities are preparing similar initiatives. Several grassroots campaigns have been started, two examples being ”Meat-Free Mondays” in Sweden (www.kottfrimandag.se) and the United Kingdom (www.meatfreemondays.co.uk). The Government should support efforts by Sweden’s municipalities to encourage vegetarian food habits, for example by designating one day of the week as a vegetarian day. The Riksdag should notify the Government that it approves of such a policy.


8.   Green public procurement

         Annual purchases by the Swedish public sector total approximately SEK 500 billion, and a large portion of that amount is for food. Public sector purchasing provides an excellent means to influence national consumption patterns, and that sector should be encouraged to purchase more fruit and vegetables, less meat.


Submitted on this date for the Left Party by:

Jens Holm     

Torbjörn Björlund               

Hans Linde                         

Jonas Sjöstedt

Siv Holma

Kent Persson

20 October 2010

Member of Swedish Parliament

The elections are over and almost all the votes are counted. It is now clear: I have been elected Member of the Swedish Parliament. I feel very honoured. I am grateful to everone that has voted for me and the Left Party. Thank you!

I will especially work with issues dealing with climate change, animal rights and global justice.

I feel passionate about working hard for replacing the current neo-liberal government with a red-green. That struggle starts here and now: A new government and new politics, thats what Sweden needs.

Speech at the European Youth Parliament

Today I spoke at the inaguration of the national session of the European Youth Parliament, Sweden. For those who are interested, please read below:

European Youth Parliament
Viktor Rydbergs gymnasium, Djursholm
Jens Holm (V)

Climate change and the need for a new generation of politicians
It may seem strange to talk about global warming on a day as cold and full of snow as it is today. But today is rather the exception that proves the rule when it comes to global warming.

For just a moment, I would like for us to imagine that we are at an even colder latitude – namely 3000 kilometers to the north west. Imagine an area four times as large as France, permanently cold, with a 3000-meter-thick layer of compact ice…. Welcome to Greenland and the inland ice!

Why am I talking about Greenland? After all, we’re in Sweden. Global warming is happening twice as fast there as in the rest of the world. In Greenland we can see what your future will be like – what you will have to deal with when you’re as old as I am.

I went to Greenland, and the town Ilulissat on the west coast, on a climate expedition in late August 2007. The result was my slide show On Thin Ice, which you can have after today’s session, or watch on You Tube. Near the town of Ilulissat we find the Ilulissat glacier. It’s the world’s biggest glacier. Practically speaking, it’s the inland ice that spreads clear out into the North Atlantic.

The Ilulissat glacier is not only the world’s biggest, it is now also the fastest melting glacier in the world.In a single day, as much fresh water melts from it as the city of New York uses in an entire year. Between 1999 and 2005 the release of icebergs increased by 40 percent. The glacier is sinking by 15 meters per year because of global warming. I was able to see with my own eyes how giant icebergs hundreds of meters high broke into smaller pieces and headed out to sea.

The Ilulissat glacier is not an isolated incident. Between 1990 and 2000, the melting of Greenland’s inland ice doubled. More and more of Greenland’s glaciers are now moving at such speeds that many researchers now say the “ketchup effect” has already started: the glaciers function as big holes that the inland ice leaks out through faster and faster.

What the result of this can be is already known: If the entire Greenland ice melts away, sea levels will rise by seven meters. Recent research indicates that the melting of the Greenland ice may go much faster than earlier believed. It may happen already during your lifetime.

What is happening on Greenland is only one example of what we call global warming created by our continually increasing emissions. The United States’ space agency, NASA, reported last week that the past ten years has been the warmest decade in history.

The effects of this increase in temperature have been quick to be seen. Entire nations in the South Pacific are being flooded by the, so far, limited rise in sea levels. Imagine what a seven meter rise would lead to: big citys and whole nations would disappear.In poor countries people struggle, literally, for survival, while the effects on a rich country like Sweden are a lot less. According to Global Humanitarian Forum, the former UN General Secretary Kofi Annan’s institution, 300,000 people per year die earlier because of global warming, and 300 million are affected, almost exclusively in poor countries. This is not fair. It is we in the rich world who have caused the climate change. Nearly 80 percent of historical emissions come from the rich world, and only a small part from the poor. In Sweden, we release about six tons of carbon dioxide per person every year. The EU average is ten tons. In Bangladesh, on the other hand, it is only 0.2 tons. That’s how big the difference is between rich Europe and a poor country. In other words, in well-off Europe CO2 releases are 50 times as much as in a poor country like Bangladesh.

Climate change is not only about the environment, but also an issue of North versus South. The solution is global justice and large reductions in emissions.

The climate conference in Copenhagen last December was supposed to come up with solutions to these issues. But that didn’t happen. Without a binding agreement on reducing emissions of greenhouse gasses, the world has been left with a dangerous gamble on our future. I hold the rich world’s leaders responsible for this. They were the ones who couldn’t promise the needed reductions and a change in our lifestyle.

But it was exciting to see the very enthusiastic participation of ordinary people in Copenhagen. On the Saturday before the end of the summit meeting, I demonstrated along with 100,000 other enthusiastic citizens of the world. This was probably the largest demonstration against climate change ever. And you can easily see that a new global movement was born in Copenhagen: a movement for defense of the climate and global justice.

This is where you come in. A new generation of politically active citizens is needed. When I was a member of the European Parliament, I didn’t have many allies who were young and progressive. And the European Parliament is not an exception. All over the world, older men, especially, are over-represented in our elected institutions. Young people and, in particular, women are in the minority. This is something I hope the European Youth Parliament can help to change. Please, get young people involved in important issues like the climate and global justice.

It’s fun to fight for a better world. It gives life meaning; it leads, sooner or later, to concrete changes and, when you work together with others, it’s, as I said, quite simply fun. If the European Youth Parliament can help with this, you will fill an important and strategic function.With this words I´m happy to open the session for the European Youth Parliament.

Don’t be part of the problem, be part of the solution. Thank you.

Stop the persecution of DTP in Turkey

May 5, 2009
Stop the persecution of DTP in Turkey

The Turkish state must immediately put an end to persecution of members of the pro-Kurdish party DTP. The EU, Sweden and the international community should be able to play a more active roll and put pressure on Turkey. That was one of the conclusions drawn last week at the Left Party’s conference in the EU Parliament on the situation in Turkey: “The Kurdish human rights situation – A lasting peace and democratic development?”

In the March 29 election, the Democratic Society Party, DTP, made major gains. They doubled the number of DTP mayors, from 50 to over 100. At the same time, fully 100 leading members of DTP have been detained by Turkish authorities for alleged connection to terrorism or “insulting Turkishness” (according to Article 301 of the Turkish constitution).

“It is obvious that the Turkish state is incapable of accepting the DTP’s electoral success. We will be pressuring Turkey to release all of the prisoners and stop the repression,” says Jens Holm, MEP, GUE/NGL and the Swedish Left Party.
In the major city of Diyarbakir in eastern Turkey, the DTP’s candidate, Osman Baydemir, was elected mayor. He now risks being sent to prison on terrorism charges as the result of a farcical judicial process that has been initiated against him.

“The charges against Osman Baydemir must be immediately withdrawn. If he, as a duly elected representative for one of Turkey’s largest cities, can be charged with terrorism, no-one is safe,” says Berivan Öngörur, the Swedish Left Party, candidate to the EU Parliament.

On July 1, Sweden assumes the Presidency of the EU. Amineh Kakabaveh, Member of the Swedish Parliament for the Left Party, feels this would be a fitting occasion for pushing for better conditions in Turkey.

“The Left Party and I will work to see that the Swedish government makes a point of taking up the situation for Kurds and other minorities,” she says.

More information:
Jens Holm, tel: +46 76 847 03 28
Berivan Öngörur, tel: +46 70 955 88 47
Amineh Kakabaveh, tel:  +46 76 130 12 36